Issues for abstract submission

Abstracts can be submitted in one of the following strands:

Strand 1 Pricing and reimbursement of medicines

Description

Description (e.g. good practice), analysis (e.g. impact assessment), evaluation of policies and interventions for change that govern the pricing or reimbursement of medicines in a country/setting/for specific population groups and e.g. show the (economic) impact of this policy on society, health care systems, patients and on access to medicines and equity. Surveys, analyses and comparisons for medicines prices (incl. methodology work)

Examples

Pricing policies and procedure to be considered are e.g.

  • external price referencing, price comparisons
  • internal price referencing
  • risk-sharing schemes
  • free pricing
  • tendering
  • negotiations
  • pay back systems
  • volume-control measures
  • distribution margins/remuneration
  • taxes, fees, charges
  • price cuts, price reviews, price analyses

Reimbursement policies to be considered include e.g.

  • reimbursement lists (e.g. essential medicines list, positive list, negative list)
  • reimbursement rates
  • reference price systems
  • rational selection of medicines for reimbursement
  • health economic evaluations and analyses

Definitions:

Pricing - The act of setting a price for a medicine.
(Source: PHIS Glossary, http://phis.goeg.at)

Reimbursement – Coverage of the cost by a third party payer (e.g. Social Health Insurance/National Health Service)
(Source: PHIS Glossary, http://phis.goeg.at)


Strand 2 Rational use of medicines

Description

Description/analyses of effects of policies, measures (e.g. demand-side measures) and interventions in terms of increased access to medicines for patients, equity and a more efficient use.

Examples

  • generic policies – e.g. generic substitution, INN prescription, generic promotion measures
  • pharmaceutical budgets (e.g. for doctors)
  • guidelines (prescription guidelines, clinical guidelines)
  • monitoring on prices, expenditure and consumption
  • supervision, audit and feed-back systems
  • initiatives tackling over-, under- and misuse of medicines
  • measures addressing polypharmacy
  • analysis of financial incentives
  • independent information to prescribers and patients
  • educational and training measures
  • promotional activities

Definitions:

Rational use of medicines requires that “patients receive medications appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their own individual requirements, for an adequate period of time, and at the lowest cost to them and their community.”
(Source: WHO)

Pharmaceutical promotion includes all kind of information and promotion activities to consumers, doctors or pharmacists that provide incentives with the aim of influence prescription, dispensing, sales or consumption of pharmaceuticals. Pharmaceutical promotion may be regulated.
(Source: PHIS Glossary, http://phis.goeg.at)


Strand 3 Hospital pharma and interface management

Description

Specific characteristics of medicines management in hospitals. Hospital price surveys and analyses. Examples of good cooperation between the in- and out-patient sectors in relation to the pharmaceutical provision of patients or analysis of challenges at the interface

Examples

  • terminology work: understanding of what is a hospital and a hospital-like setting
  • specific financing mechanisms for medicines in hospitals
  • “clients” of hospital pharmacies
  • role of hospital pharmacists
  • role, tasks and impact of Pharmaceutical and Therapeutic Committees
  • price comparison between the out-patient and in-patient sectors
  • procurement of medicines in hospital (high-cost medicines, generics, high-volume medicines)
  • discounts and rebates
  • joint reimbursement lists in the in- and out-patient sector
  • representation of out-patient sector institutions and stakeholders in hospital processes
  • analysis of the impact of a pharmaceutical policy in the one sector on the other sector
  • “shifting” of pharmaceutical treatments and patients between the sectors

Definitions:

Interface management - Mechanisms of cooperation between the hospital and the out-patient sector
(Source: PHIS Glossary, http://phis.goeg.at)